Gaelic Football (wird auch Irish Football genannt) und Hurling sind die beiden traditionellen irischen Sportarten. Gaelic Football ist eine Mischung von Rugby. Neben Gaelic Football gibt es noch Hurling, eine Art Mischung aus LaCrosse und Feldhockey, Handball It's not only in Ireland that Gaelic football is played. Die Gaelic Athletic Association (kurz GAA, irisch Cumann Lúthchleas Gael) ist ein irischer wurden die Regeln für Hurling und Gaelic Football festgelegt und schon gab es die ersten All-Ireland Championships in diesen Sportarten.
During that time people such as Douglas Hyde , GAA patron and then President of Ireland, was expelled for attending a soccer international.
The association points out the role of members of minority religions in the membership throughout its history. For example, the Protestant Jack Boothman was president of the organisation from to , while Sam Maguire was a Church of Ireland member.
In November , the council launched a Community Development Unit , which is responsible for "Diversity and Community Outreach initiatives".
Organised through Knock Presbyterian Church, this scheme brings Association coaches to work alongside their soccer and rugby counterparts to involve primary school children at summer coaching camps.
This aims to address the problem of isolation in rural areas where older people have limited engagement with the community.
Members of the Irish diaspora have set-up clubs in a number of regions and countries outside of Ireland, and there are reportedly GAA clubs in the United States, Australia, Britain, Canada, China, continental Europe, and elsewhere outside of Ireland.
While some units of the association outside Ireland participate in Irish competitions, the association does not hold internationals played according to the rules of either Gaelic football or hurling.
Compromise rules have been reached with two "related sports". Hurlers play an annual fixture against a national shinty team from Scotland. International Rules Football matches have taken place between an Irish national team drawn from the ranks of Gaelic footballers, against an Australian national team drawn from the Australian Football League.
The venue alternates between Ireland and Australia. In December , the International series between Australia and Ireland was called off due to excessive violence in the matches,  but resumed in October when Ireland won a two test series in Australia.
It was single one-off test match, which led the Irish to reclaim the Cormac McAnallen Cup by a score of 56— To address concerns about player burnout , the association adopted a rule in that prohibited collective training for inter-county players for a period of two months every winter.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Influential Irish and international amateur sporting and cultural organisation.
History of the Gaelic Athletic Association. List of Gaelic Athletic Association competitions. List of Gaelic Athletic Association stadiums.
List of Gaelic games clubs outside Ireland. Retrieved 4 November A huge crowd is expected at MacCumhaill Park at a time when Gaelic games in the county have never had a higher profile.
Archived from the original on 17 October Retrieved 22 September Archived from the original on 4 May Retrieved 21 January Archived from the original PDF on 28 October Retrieved 27 November Retrieved 26 October Social and Economic Value of Sport in Ireland".
Archived from the original on 16 September Retrieved 22 December Retrieved 23 August Retrieved 22 September — via British Newspaper Archive.
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Holt , Sport and the British: Cited in Garnham, N: Association Football and society in pre-partition Ireland , page Centre for the Study of Conflict.
Archived from the original on 7 June Retrieved 30 April Archived from the original on 30 September Archived from the original on 21 July Archived from the original PDF on 3 October Official Report, Monday 21 September Chronology of the Conflict ".
Archived from the original PDF on 20 February Retrieved 7 January Archived from the original on 27 September Retrieved March 14, Archived from the original PDF on 28 February Retrieved 3 March Ulster Historical Foundation, Available here Archived 24 October at the Wayback Machine.
Retrieved March 11, Archived from the original on 12 April Archived from the original on 31 July Retrieved 10 March Archived from the original on 16 January Retrieved 11 November Archived from the original on 13 July Retrieved 28 February Archived from the original on 29 March Archived from the original on 18 July Archived from the original on 6 March Retrieved 22 October Retrieved 2 March The fourth official is responsible for overseeing substitutions, and also indicating the amount of stoppage time signalled to him by the referee and the players substituted using an electronic board.
The umpires are responsible for judging the scoring. They indicate to the referee whether a shot was: A disallowed score is indicated by crossing the green and white flags.
Such decisions can only be made at the discretion of the referee. The Team of the Century was nominated in by Sunday Independent readers and selected by a panel of experts including journalists and former players.
The goal was to single out the best ever 15 players who had played the game in their respective positions. Naturally many of the selections were hotly debated by fans around the country.
The Team of the Millennium was a team chosen in by a panel of GAA past presidents and journalists. The goal was to single out the best ever 15 players who had played the game in their respective positions, since the foundation of the GAA in up to the Millennium year, Gaelic sports at all levels are amateur, in the sense that the athletes even those playing at elite level do not receive payment for their performance.
The main competitions at all levels of Gaelic football are the League and the Championship. Of these it is the Championship a knock-out tournament that tends to attain the most prestige.
The basic unit of each game is organised at the club level, which is usually arranged on a parochial basis. Local clubs compete against other clubs in their county with the intention of winning the County Club Championship at senior, junior or intermediate levels for adults or under, minor or under-age levels for children.
A club may field more than one team, for example a club may field a team at senior level and a "seconds" team at junior or intermediate level. This format is laid out in the table below:.
Though the island of Ireland was partitioned between two states by the British parliament in , the organisation of Gaelic games like that of most cultural organisations and religions continues on an All-Ireland basis.
Clubs are also located throughout the world, in other parts of the United States , in Great Britain , in Canada , in Asia , in Australasia and in continental Europe.
The level at which county teams compete against each other is referred to as inter-county i. A county panel—a team of 15 players, plus a similar number of substitutes—is formed from the best players playing at club level in each county.
The most prestigious inter-county competition in Gaelic football is the All-Ireland Championship. Nearly all counties contest this tournament on an annual basis, with crowds of people thronging venues the length and breadth of Ireland—the most famous of these stadiums being Croke Park —to support their local county team, a team comprising players selected from the clubs in that county.
These modified knock-out games start as provincial championships contested by counties against other counties in their respective province, the four Irish provinces of Ulster , Munster , Leinster and Connacht.
The four victors in these then progress automatically to the All-Ireland series. In the past, the team winning each provincial championship would play one of the others, at a stage known as the All-Ireland semi-finals, with the winning team from each game playing each other in the famed All-Ireland Final to determine the outright winner.
Now the four victorious teams at provincial level enter the recently created All-Ireland quarter-finals instead, where they compete against the four remaining teams from the All-Ireland Qualifiers to progress to the All-Ireland semi-finals and then the All-Ireland Final.
This re-organisation means that one team may defeat another team in an early stage of the championship, yet be defeated and knocked out of the tournament by the same team at a later stage.
It also means a team may be defeated in an early stage of the championship, yet be crowned All-Ireland champions—as Tyrone were in and The secondary competition at inter-county level is the National League.
The National Football League is held every spring and groups counties in four divisions according to their relative strength.
As at local county levels of Gaelic football, the League at national level is less prestigious than the Championship—however, in recent years attendances have grown, as has interest from the public and from players.
This is due in part to the adoption of a February—April timetable, in place of the former November start, as well as the provision of Division 2 final stages.
There are also All-Ireland championships for county teams at Junior , Under and Minor levels, and provincial and national club championships, contested by the teams that win their respective county championships.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Gaelic football, hurling and camogie positions. Players are cautioned by a yellow card, ordered off the pitch without a substitute by a red card, or ordered off the pitch with a substitution by a black card.
Scoring in Gaelic games. Retrieved 7 December Retrieved 18 September Retrieved 12 April Accessed 19 September The History of Gaelic Football.
A History of Gaelic Football. Sport Management and Related Topic Journal. Retrieved 3 January Archived from the original PDF on How to get into Gaelic football".
Retrieved 19 July By , Wembley Stadium was being used to host annual exhibition games of Gaelic football in England—more than 40, spectators came to watch in Archived from the original PDF on 31 May Retrieved 26 August A team shall consist of fifteen players.
Archived from the original on 4 February Archived from the original PDF on 2 May GAA Rules , p. Retrieved 14 August GAA Rules , pp.
While the former administrative county borders are generally respected, a GAA county may occasionally open its competitions to clubs that are wholly or partly based in neighbouring counties.
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